10 Temmuz 2011 Pazar

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1. Login:
Department of Central Western Anatolia Region, located in the Aegean Kutahya, in the known history of the Hittite, Phrygian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman
civilizations Germiyanoğulları and reached the Republic of Turkey. Settled the remaining lands within the boundaries of the province of Kutahya, and the people were the Hittites, the earliest known name. However, archaeological finds, the province surrounding the settlement date back even further, until the first takes ages. Despite the unavailability of a precise date for the establishment of Kütahya;

 Hittite texts on the history of the Assuva IV. Tuthaliya (1256-1220 BC) in the annals of BC on the basis of II. can be said that it was established more than a thousand in the mid. Kutahya, today operated in the rich mineral deposits have been so interested in the history of each circuit, so you have had extensive trade routes, developed rapidly.

 Malazgirt Victory XI then. Kutahya Turkish civilizations met at the end of the century, the Ottoman Empire was the capital of Germiyanoglu principality was established on this land. In addition, Kutahya, "the Turkish military and world history" as the place where the biggest victory won has a rich cultural heritage.
2. The names given to CITY:
Old sources, inscriptions, coins, and according to the ancient name of Kütahya "Kotiaeion" stop. Famous ancient geographer Strabo of this name, "Kotys'in City" means the states. Kotys, Odrisler'den living in Thrace, and Romans, AD Anatolia is the name of a commander by 38. The name of a coin in the Museum of Kutahya "cotinine" passes as. Kütahya's name, ever before given by analogy with the Turks.
3. Kütahya's first establishment site:
Kütahya castle, and the circumference of the first settlement in our province. Germiyanoğulları also used during the excavations in the city center Roman necropolis (cemetery) fields were found. However, important findings having been found in
 the city center for the period between the Phrygians. Kütahya's ancient settlement area is not yet finally determined. When it was established, where it was established, which can not be expressed exactly when and by whom the conquest of Kütahya, a city of secrets.
Archaeological excavations in the Old Locations:
To date, systematic excavations and research in Kütahya, and the number is not much around. Clive Foss on behalf of the British Institute of Archaeology - Kütahya Castle, epigraphy Tomas Drew Bear - Inscriptions, David French - Roman roads and milestones, Istanbul University, Asst. Assoc. Dr. Efe Turan investigated the ancient settlements on the mound and Necropolis. Aizanoi the ancient city of the German Archaeological Institute since 1970, started the systematic excavations and research continue.
 Kutahya province of a study and research work of museum professionals in more than a hundred mounds, tumuli and ancient settlements are discovered and documented, significant archaeological materials found in salvage excavations shed light on the history of the city. Kutahya digs in Central Seyitomer Mound public finds from the Early Bronze period are obtained in a separate Kutahya Archaeology Museum are exhibited in the hall. In 2000, excavations in the village belonging to the Hittite Central Ağızören necropolis (cemetery),

archaeological materials were recovered in the field. Extending from the Early Bronze period, Kütahya, which finds the most important center of mass, can be reached in 1977 during the coal extraction process Tavsanli Tuncbilek, and Gevence positions on dye. Early Bronze Age finds are shedding light on the history of settlement centers of the province Seyitomer, Tavsanli - Kayi Village, Altintas - Üçhöyük,
Domanic - Apple, Sımav, Emet and Çavdarhısar regions. Discussed here, except in Western Anatolia Bitynia finds common dish typical of Troy - examples of pottery. Ağızlılar beak, three-legged pots, mugs, except Depas type, Balikesir, Bursa, Kütahya region north of this culture-specific Yortan present in the culture of the efficacy of the container for decoration.
4. Hittite - Phrygian PERIOD:
Kütahya region, east of the Hittites Assuva'nın period, is located west of the Hittite state borders. Partitioning of the province's eastern half of the land according to ancient Phrygia, Mysia in western region.
At that time, the political influence of the Hittites in Anatolia, many cities outside the West was organized in the form confederations. Confederation of Northwest Anatolia, As-SUV is one of them, and the remaining land west of Kütahya is in this confederation. The northern part of the province of the rich silver deposits, and consequently the Hittites continued interest in improved trade routes and thus remain in the domain, so it is often undergo attacks
Towards the end of the period of the Hittite empire in the east region Assuva Asurlar'a kaptırılması copper deposits, has led to an increase in the interest of the Hittites, Kütahya. Meanwhile, at the beginning of Assuva'nın Dlama Sum, at the beginning of the Hittites IV. There Tuthaliya. (1256-1220 BC).
Burning down the country attacking the Hittites Assuva'ya yıktıklarını, Assuva they took the king and his son Kukkulis'i Hattuşaş'a IV took captive. Tuthaliya learn yearbooks.
BC 1200s from Thrace to Anatolia in waves, the largest Phrygian-s in the region, putting an end to the sovereignty of the Hittites, the Red River in the east, southwest, Burdur Lake kept up a wide area of ​​the country
Bursa, Balikesir regions further east than the old ones to lead the new tribes took place as a result of Kutahya in western parts of Mysia.
Again, the Phrygians, a division of the north of the lice and Tinler'in Kütahya-Bilecik region of Sakarya were settled. Opium is the main populous tribes of the Phrygians, Eskisehir, Kutahya triangle area as a result of settlement
, east of Kütahya Frigyası named Epictetus. The south of Kütahya, Temnos (Şaphane) and Dindimos (Murat) that extends up to Mount Hititler'le mixed with native Phrygians intermixed strengthened, by expanding the fields of culture in the east the Euphrates, west to the Aegean Sea, despite using a continuous sovereignty over the Lydians kuramamışlardır .
Phrygian-Willow Village Overlay
BC VIII. century, the Phrygians, who organized the state as a peaceful development of society, engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, rock tombs, a unique architecture brought ilekendilerine worship areas, mining and weaving they go forward, the new musical instruments were produced. Ancient sources indicate Kutahya as the birthplace of the famous storyteller Ezop'un.
BC 676'da through the Caucasus into Anatolia, the Kimmer, III, king of Phrygia. Midas beating around Kütahya and captured, then BC Last king of Lydia, the observed egemenilğine 607'de Alyattes Kimmer. Ephesus and the capital requirement from the period of the Lydians, Kütahya, Uşak and through the Aegean Sea and eastern sides of the Red River from King's Road was built.
Developed in the East Anatolia to the Marmara with the famous king of the Persians who invaded II. Kyros, BC 546 deleted the date of Lydians,
 Phrygians Satrap central Kutahya began his Dinar. BC administration's weakening of Persia Biga River near the Macedonian Alexander the Great in 334, winning the war established the supremacy in the region. BC Alexander Kutahya and its surroundings have been the death of 324'te Antigonas'a commanders. BC region III. After the confusion in the beginning of the century
BC Pergamum and provided superior Including 133 on the limits of Kutahya Province of Rome has been achieved in Asia.
Kutahya, while Roma has been dominated by the region are small city-states. Kütahya cotinine-aeion, Gediz Witch, Simav'da Synaus, Emet Ti-beriopolis, Sımav Bogazköy Ancyra, Soa and Çavdarhisar'da Aizanoi Altıntaş'ta ancient settlement centers. This city has directed state governors, Claudius Atanasoff, a portion of the tax collected from the center to send and spent the rest of the city's imarına. That time the largest city with a population of 120 thousand Aizanoi the Temple of Zeus, the emperor Hadrian, MS. (117-138) was built during the collected land taxes. In this region, (302) on a stock exchange building where there are identified. There are price lists on the walls of the Latin. This list was put to prevent price increases.
Separation of the Roman empire into two MS395'te Kutahya, the Eastern Roman Empire (Bizanslında remained. This is an important center of episcopacy in the Kütahya rapidly advanced, the castles around the city was transformed into a shelter. Temple of Zeus turned into a church, many churches around the province and have been constructed.
6. Seljuq:
1071 at the Battle of Manzikert defeated the Byzantine emperor Romanos Diogenes Alparslan'a Kütahya Castle, brought by the Byzantines after release, and was punished by pulling their eyes mph.
Suleiman Shah founded the Anatolian Seljuk State Kutalmışoğlu, after 1075'te Iznik and Kutahya region organized raids, 1078'de seized the city.
II. Yakup Çelebi Mosque soup kitchen
Passing into the hands of the Crusaders saldırısıBizans'ın 1097'de 1182'de Kutahya were taken back by the Seljuks. 1186'da II. Kilic Arslan, son of the country between 11 paylaştırınca Kutahya Giyaseddin Keyhusrev fallen, resulting in confusion and sibling fights 1196'da Kutahya passed to Byzantium again, 1233'de lacinia again and given the time of the Anatolian Seljuks
Kütahya Hidirlik Masjid, Yoncali Bath and Mosque, the Mosque and Madrasa of Fish artifacts from the Seljuk period.
7. Emirates period
I. Keykubad Aladdin came to Anatolia during the 1230.Unfortunately Germiyanoglu tribe, the Seljuks, the revolt of Malatya region have been placed ishak 1240'ta helped Dad. After the debacle in the face of increasing pressure from the Mongols 1243 Kösedag Germiyanoğulları 1260'ta Kutahya region through migration have settled.
Great Mosque
1277'de the dissolution of the Anatolian Seljuk State and the region of Kütahya Germiyanoğullarının share has fallen rapidly evolving Germiyanoglu Principality, western Anatolia has been the most powerful principality. are known to get used to the first master. Alişiroğlu I. Jacob was the capital of Kutahya in 1300 by declaring independence. Instead of continuing the development of the son of Mehmet Bey 1340'ta Germiyanoglu State at the beginning of the period seems to 1361'de king Solomon. During this period, the Ottoman Sultan I. Murad
Bayezid, the son of Solomon king that his daughter Vacidiye Madrasa, Kutahya, Sımav, Emet and Tavıanlı'yı Hatun daughter of State gave the Ottomans as a dowry. (1381) Baye-zid 1389'a Lightning made until the governor of Kutahya. Solomon the king, after taking Kula'ya 1387'de died, his son II. Mr. Jacob was. Germiyanoğulları Principality II. On the testament of Jacob joined 1429'da Ottomans.
Kutahya Tile Museum today, which is among the works Germiyanoglu II. Jacob Complex soup kitchen, which is now the Archaeological Museum with Umur-Thousand Prosecutor Ishak Madrasa Mosque and Madrasa include Fakih. Governor's Office during the construction period Germiyan connects the Great Mosque of Kütahya Bayezid XV. Musa Çelebi Yüzyılıda period has been completed.
8. The Ottoman Period:
1429'da Germiyanoglu II. A banner with the Ottomans, the last testament of Jacob in this period is the center of Kütahya. Suleiman the Magnificent's sons in 1451 in Kütahya, the center of the Anatolian Beylerbeyliği'nin Prince Bayezid (1542-1558) and (Sultan II.) Selim (1558-1566) made the governor.
As a result of their separatist revolt in Anatolia from the Safavid Şahkulu 1511, spread to Kutahya. Governor of Egypt, Ibrahim Pasha, son of Mohamed Ali Pasha in 1833 and invasion of Kutahya Kutahya Treaty was signed the same year of the period to leave the city with significant events. Equipped with beautiful examples of Ottoman architecture in Kutahya, fountains, bridges, mosques, madrasas, khans and baths have been zoning. Ongoing since the Seljuk tile art in this period has experienced its best period. History of the world under the supervision of the state's first collective bargaining agreement, on July 13, 1766 under the name Fincancılar Trades Agreement was signed in Kütahya.
Refuge in the Ottoman Empire in 1849, the Hungarian Lajos Kossuth and his 56 refugee leader of an independence movement, in the years 1850-1851 have been guests in Kutahya. Lajos Kossuth'un Kütahya became a museum in 1982, remains home.
Jurisdiction of the central province of Kutahya in 1867 Hüdavendigar, 8 October 1923, has been county.
There is a very important place in the National Struggle history of Kütahya. The most important phase of the struggle for independence for the establishment of our Republic have been in our city limits.
I. At the end of World War II, the Allied Powers, on the basis of the provisions of the Armistice Armistice invaded Anatolia. sürükleyenler war against the nation, the hometown of occupations, the concern over their lives, ammunition, falling from the hands of the necessary measures almamışlardı.Ordunun, the Allied Powers occupied various parts of the country başlamışlardır.itilaf navy kinds of occasions in Istanbul, the French, in Adana, British Urfa,
Marash, Samsun and Merzifon; Italians, were in Antalya and Southwestern Anatolia. Allied with the permission of the Greek army was in Izmir on May 15. This is demonstrated throughout the history of the Turkish nation in the face of "the consciousness of the nation" against the occupation in the Nationalist movement launched Kuva-i.
Kütahya National Combat attributed on September 20, 1919. Major Ismail Hakki, Ismet, Captain, Captain Solomon come to Kütahya and Gentlemen Mülazżm Tahsin Kuva-i have set up National Organisation. Mr. Major was elected President Nüzhet military branch of the organization alone. Ismail Hakki Bey created under the command of a detachment of 350 people to leave the British to withdraw from Kütahya, Kütahya, the first success of the national movement.
Kütahya, who managed to establish the National Regiment (Pristina), Ismail Hakki Bey, Commander of the Western Front, Ali Fuat (Cebesoy) Regiment Kumandanlığıma atanmıştır.ismail Hakki Bey Pasha Kutahya Milil Pozanti when he was in Congress, who were returning to Mustafa Kemal Pasha in Afyon Kütahya telegraphed "National Regiment" was invited to audit.
On August 6, 1920, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk from Kütahya, Kütahya, leaving the National Regiment, has inspected and given a Citation Kutahya Governor, Said Bey, in his own handwriting.
Kütahya National Regiment, important tasks undertaken by the National Struggle years, occupied the years have shown a great service. August 10, 1920 after the Treaty of Sevres, signed the treaty did not recognize the declaration of Turkey Grand National Assembly on the occupation has accelerated, and the Greeks Altıntaş'a on July 13, July 14 Tavşanlı'ya, 17 July, Emet, Kutahya and Simav ' Simav'a either 3 September, 5 September, entered the Gediz. 28 July 1921, Kütahya, where the Greek King Constantine's War Council gathered on the city, walking has increased the decision.
The progress of the Greek Army against the Turkish Army, under the command of Mustafa Kemal, Commander in Chief in Sakarya war on the world not seen an example of a tactic, has gained a great victory.
Sakarya completely stopped the enemy army in order to throw the dormitory after a year-long preparation period, the Commander in Chief on August 26, 1922, Mustafa Kemal başlatıtı United Offensive. During this fighting the Turkish military, in every period of history, heroism and sacrifice has added new ones. 57. Division Commander Col. Resat (Çişiltepe) obtaining a half-Bey Çişiltepe'nin
time delay in delivering on the mission instead of hitting him with sadness, is an example of this mentality. After his victory here was immortalized in the memory of Col. Resat made Çişiltepe Monument.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Great Offensive in person at the front by the administration has shown outstanding qualities of military service and soldiers as well as every time the Turkish army's morale and support has been great.
Commander in Chief on August 30, directed by Mustafa Kemal himself Zafertepe'den Allören pitched battle, goats, Kiziltas Creek on both sides of the path and destroy the Greek forces were completely wrapped. Kiziltas Creek area that remains open in some Greek troops, and General Trikopis, General Di-new one, and many fled to the Greek commander.
Commander-in Chief Mustafa Kemal Pasha and Ismet Pasha, Fevzi Cakmak Çalköy'de a ruined house in the courtyard of his car with a broken cart on the order of the defense re-assessment of the situation by the Greeks to defeat the Greeks in Smyrna to enter and infect the opinion concluded. All officers and enlisted men in the west side where Mustafa Kemal issued a statement to be read.
"Turkey Grand National Assembly of the Army, Afyonka-rahisar-Dumlupinar great pitched battle, cruel and incredibly proud, the existence of an army base at a time, did not. Sacrifices of our nation have proven that you are worthy of a large and distinguished. Great Turkish nation, who's owner is right to trust in the future. I watch closely to see success in the areas of war and fedakarlıklarınızı. That you will not leave behind his unconditional duty to mediate the transmission of our nation, I will instead continuously.
Proposal for awarding Başkumandanlığa bulunulmasını, Front commander, said: All of my friends, Anatolia also be given another challenge considering the progress of battles, and the power of intellect and patriotism of anyone using the resources, competition, demand would continue with all his might. Armies, your first goal is the Mediterranean, ahead! "
Thus, on August 30 with the victory of Kutahya liberated from enemy occupation, that on September 1, Gediz, on September 3 Emet, and was followed by Tavsanli emancipation.
September 9, in Izmir, the Turkish army, Mustafa Kemal ordered the Greek army poured into the sea has met with great success.
Throughout Anatolia has its own folkloric clothing that reflects the culture of the region. Central Anatolia, Marmara and Aegean regions of Anatolia at the crossroads of a transition point in the Kutahya, especially women's clothing is not anywhere else in the likelihood of a difference, and wealth. Kutahya, Germiyan Principality and Ottoman palace under the influence of clothes, the best quality colored silk processing, winding techniques such as sim velvet, satin,
 wool fabrics, and processed manti is a very valuable clothes. Anatolia wedding dress or a suit when there are two types of Kutahya bindallı Yolaklı, branched, Eğrimli, truss, such as Tefebaşı has a number of varieties among themselves as well as a separate species, divided into üçetekli kirtle and Şalvarlı. Status of the wearer düğündeki dress to be worn which advertises that hand.
Home to a large extent of nutritional products, or rotating it in Kutahya. 1960-year succession "Cook's shop" has been called the restaurant city life. Kütahya, wheat products, dairy products and nutrition is the basis of hamurlular. Called home pasta noodles, wheat, and sowing, the area most of the foods consumed. During periods of widespread use of grape juice and grape juice in various forms Başcılığın, who were meeting their nutritional requirements.
Increasingly widespread phenomenon of urbanization has created fundamental change in the form of this diet. Until recently the market of bread, home made bread, the distinction is now largely market products based on nutrition in Kutahya. Summer, peppers, beans, dried vegetables such as eggplant tradition still continues. Indigenous peoples as well as drying vegetables, tomato paste, noodles, wheat, starch, tarhana, general consumer goods such as pickles, rotating it at home to prepare
themselves. Poppy seed, called a scone şibit change in nutrition, but are still not widely available.
The differences in Kutahya görülmektedir.Gökçümen hamursuzu şibit pastries, pancakes, such as spinach şibit. Wheat sowing, and play an important part of everyday foods. Also be made cranberry tadır tahrası. Traditional cuisine is one of the so-called nip dough dinner

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